A sprained ankle is one of the most common injuries. By simply stepping on an uneven surface or losing your balance can result in a sudden jolt or twist, causing an overstretch or tear to the ligaments supporting the ankle joint.
No matter how the ankle sprain occurred, all ankle sprains will have the following symptoms:
- Pain in the ankle joint
- Difficulty moving the ankle
- Hurts to touch
If you feel as though you have sprained your ankle, it is important to stop what you are doing and rest the ankle.
An ice pack should be applied to the area in 15 minute intervals, for a total of 2 hours.
Using a bandage, the joint should be firmly wrapped to help control swelling and also to immobilise the ankle.
In the first 48 hours, it is important to then avoid heat, massaging, exercise and alcohol as these can intensify the swelling.
The rehabilitation process is vital for the reason that if an ankle is not healed properly, you may re-injure it. An ankle brace can be used to stabilise the ankle joint securely and comfortably, allowing daily activities to carry on as usual.
An exercise program should be put in place that will improve the mobility of the joint, will strengthen the muscles surrounding the joint and will improve your flexibility and balance.
By undergoing this type of exercise program in the first week of the sprain occurring will improve the performance of the ankle and decrease the chance of hurting the same ankle again.
To prevent an ankle sprain from occurring in the future, remember to pay attention to your body and its warning signs, warm up before exercising and be aware when on uneven or wet ground.